Pronouns - כינויי גוף


כינוי שם גוף הוא כל מילה הבאה במקום שם העצם ורומזת עליו במישרין או בעקיפין

כינויי השאלה - כינויי הזיקה
who, which, that, whose ,whom


כינויי זיקה
Relative pronouns

 
דוגמא מתי נשתמש ? כינוי גוף

 
The girl who is singing is my girlfriend

People who are from Raanana are especially nice

The man who built the building is dead

A man who has a lot of money isn't necessarily happy
= A man with a lot of money isn't necessarily happy

Sharon, who is the President of Zooloo, is from Tel-Aviv
לגבי בני אדם who

 
The girl whom you met is my girlfriend

That's my father, whom I love

That's the man whom/that I love
= That's the man I love

"to whom it may concern"
לגבי בני אדם - רישמי
כמעט ולא בשימוש
whom

 
The book which you have read should help you

Which book did you buy ?

My chair, which is made out of wood, is new
= My chair, made out of wood, is new
(I only have one chair. It's made out of wood, and new)
לגבי דומם ועצמים which

 
The girl that you met is my girlfriend

The chair that is made out of wood is new
= The chair made out of wood is new

The money that had been placed on
the table was mine
להכל (למעט שייכות)
that יכול להחליף את
who, which, whom
אך אינו יכול להחליף את
whose
that

 
I helped the girl whose car had broken down

These are the children whose mother is a lawyer
שייכות whose



אחרי המילים הבאות יבוא בדרך כלל that
everybody
everyone
everything
 
somebody
someone
something
 
anybody
anyone
anything
only
nobody
no one
nothing
all

You are the only person that I love


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